Category Archives for "Pest Guides"

Safety First: 6 Ways To Keep Pests and Predators Out Of Your Garden

Predators have a nasty way of finding their way into your garden and eating your food. Even worse, they may attack animals that may be beneficial to the health of your garden.

If your garden is used to supplement your food supply, you can't afford to let vermin like this affect your home. That's why it is important to find ways to keep predators out of your garden for good.

The following methods are just a few ways you can do that. Some are non-lethal and will avoid killing any animals. Others are lethal. Whichever method you choose, make sure to commit to it fully.

However, you should also be adaptable enough to try a new procedure in case the one you chose isn't working. In this way, you can keep your garden safe.

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The Most Effective Ways to Kill Spider Eggs

Pests can cause a massive infestation on the plants if prompt action does not take place. However, there have been several options to resolve such issues immediately. Precise application of pesticides or insecticides has been proven to control unwanted and harmful insects on your crops or plants.

Just so you think you have already terminated all the pests that harmed your plants, another kind paves its way to damage them yet again. The worst thing is when they seem unnoticeable but the effect is quite evident. What do you think these are?

Identifying Infestation on Plants

Plants are vulnerable from various types of mites and pests. Unfortunately, these species do not only feed on to your plants but also take shelter to lay eggs. So, if you notice that there are insect eggs on your plants or they seem to be, a destructive host is certainly responsible for it. And to be able to prevent this infestation and completely eliminate the host and its eggs, you have to identify its kind.

If the weather condition is dusty and dry or perhaps, at its hottest temperature, you have got to be observant about the possible insects or pests that could live off your plants. Did you notice any white webbing on the plant? Have you seen any yellow blotches on the leaves? If you answer YES on both questions, there is only one kind that could have caused it – spider mites.

What are Spider Mites?

Spider mites are classified under the kingdom of arachnids. They are relatives of the eight-legged animals such as spiders, ticks and scorpions. They love to live on the underside of the leaves and feed themselves by eating and piercing them through. Eventually, as these spider mites suck up the plant fluids and the feeding keeps on, the leaves would turn yellow, dry up and fall off.

Spider mites are microscopic species so they are extremely difficult to find and recognize. But if you find the weather condition hot and dry, you may spot these mites under the leaves. And you’ve got to be keen during this time of the year. In early spring when the temperature is warm, they would mate and female mites can lay eggs as many as 300 only in a couple of weeks!​

Why You Should Kill the Spider Eggs on Your Plants

As what was mentioned, when spider mites mate and take shelter on the plants to lay eggs, it only needs less than a week for the spider eggs to wreak havoc. The hot and dry weather is favorable for these pests. And it only takes 5 days for the eggs to hatch and transform into an adult. Hence, you should be prompt and take and immediate action to protect your plants before they evolve and start with the whole life cycle again. Otherwise, heavy infestations would build up and your garden or houseplants would be put to risk.

These pests also have their favorite crops and plants to live on. They can infest over 100 species of plant but they are very particular with miniature roses, fruit trees, bananas, and vegetable crops such as melons, squash, and watermelon. Peas and beans, ornamentals, strawberries, broad-leafed weeds, mint, frangipani and potted begonias are also they favorite targets. They can cause direct damage or excessive loss of leaves wherein if not resolved, it can harm all your crops or plants eventually.

If you have any of these plants at home, you should watch out for these mites and take extra precaution.​

5 Effective Ways: How to Kill Spider Eggs and Spider Mites

Now that you have identified the primary background or history of these pests, you probably have known now how to get rid of the spider mites and their eggs permanently. You can also try some of these effective ways.


To prevent further damage on your plants, remove of cut off the parts that are already badly infected.


If the entire plant seemed to have been badly infected, it would be better to remove it completely.


Chemical control would also be effective but make sure that the one that you will use would only eliminate the mites or pests while keeping the plant unharmed. Here are some of the miticides you can use:

  • Neem Oil – It is an effective solution for spider eggs and spider mites infestation. It does not kill the pests instantly but rather delays and interferes the reproduction and metamorphosis in arthropods. It is made from the nuts of a Neem tree.
  • Pyrethrum – It is one of the best pesticides to get rid of spider mites and their eggs effectively. It is derived from a plant related to chrysanthemum. However, since this has been quite common to control these mites, some spider mites can resist its effect. That is why you should still be observant of your plants and take more preventive measures.
  • Cinnamite – It is made from cinnamon oil. If you target to kill the spider eggs from the spider mites, the cinnamite would also be a good option but this needs consistent application according to the proper timing and schedule. It does not terminate the eggs instantly but it surely eliminates them. It should be used every 3 days over a 2-week period. If proper application is accurately followed, newly hatched eggs will also be eliminated.
  • Rosemary – You can use this oil together with water and spray this solution onto the infected plant. Rosemary oil has been proven to effectively kill spider mites without harming all the other beneficial species of mites.


Regularly water the plants outdoors with a hose. The pressure coming from the nozzle can wash the mites and eggs away.


You can also try using organic salts. The spider mites cannot resist fatty acids and potassium salts. If you opt for this, you should apply this late in the afternoon. This allows the wetness to remain on the plants.


Taking good care of your plants requires extra effort particularly when harmful insects or pests, such as spider mites, start to infest them. You surely don’t want them to be entirely damaged and hence, effective methods should be carefully applied. This detailed guideline would surely help you resolve this issue.

Let us know what other effective steps you have done to kill these spider mites and their eggs. Place your comments below!

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What is the Best Care You Can Provide for Ficus Benjamina Bonsai?

Helpful Tips on How to Care for a Ficus Benjamina Bonsai

Indoor plants are one of the nicest decorations at home that could just perfectly blend with your interiors. Well, of course, not all types of plants or flowers are appropriate as a home decor.

Some plants do grow twice the size when you first bought it. It can just keep on growing until it gets awkwardly big for your home. So if you need a plant decoration for your apartment, office or room, the best choice would be compact and moderate plants. Bonsai, perhaps.

If you end up with a choice of getting yourself a Bonsai but you are a beginner at it, Ficus Benjamina would be the excellent option. I know how difficult it is to choose the best one among the overwhelming list of Bonsai plants. But, trust me, taking good care of a Ficus Benjamina won’t be much of a problem at all.

What is a Ficus Benjamina Bonsai?

Ficus Benjamina, also known as weeping fig, is one of the most popular kind of Bonsai plants. It usually grows on tropical regions and often kept as an indoor plant. Their strong-pillar trunks are developed due to the aerial roots that most Ficus bonsai trees can produce. These aerial roots grow vertically from the branches right down to the soil. However, growing aerial roots is not like any usual planting process. It requires 100% humidity which can be done with a glass cover or fish tank. Construction with transparent sheets will also do.

​The aerial root growth definitely sums up the whole process. That is why the Ficus Benjamina Bonsai incredibly resemble a miniature tree which becomes quite appealing for most homeowners.

In natural conditions, a Ficus Benjamina can grow up to 30 meteres or 98-feet tall along with drooping branchlets and glossy leaves. The leaves are described with special pointed tips. They can be of different sizes which can grow from 6 to 13 centimeters or 1 to 20 inches. The trunks commonly have smooth grey bark.

The Ficus Benjamina is truly a beautiful decorative plant that you can place by the door or window sills. However, if you are suffering from asthma or you are sensitive from the common allergies, it is best to avoid this plant.​

As they are commonly placed indoors, Ficus Benjamina can be the ultimate source of allergens. It actually ranks third as one of the sources of allergy after dusts and pets. It also contains latex which can be harmful for latex allergy sufferers. So, if you are one of the latex allergy patients, do not take this plant inside your house. Too much exposure with this plant can risk your health. It can cause anaphylactic shock.

Suffice the Care Needs of Your Bonsai

If you are clear from any of these common allergies and you are allowed to take a Ficus Benjamina Bonsai at home, how can you maintain its healthy growth? Take a look at these helpful care tips.

  • Position – This is an indoor plant which cannot endure colder temperatures but only up to 15 degrees Celsius or 59 Fahrenheit. But if the temperature goes above that, you should place your Bonsai under a full sun, either inside or outside the house. These plants love humidity, though they can still endure lower humidity because of their waxy and thick leaves. But then, the best condition would be of 100% humidity for the Bonsai to develop aerial roots.
  • Watering - Water your Bonsai regularly to keep it moist. Soft water with a room temperature would be ideal to use. Daily misting or spraying is also recommended to keep the humidity, but do not drown your plant. If you do so, harmful fungal issues might occur. In winter, it may require more water if it is in a warmer condition. If it is in a cooler place, you do not need to apply more water. Just keep it slightly moist as possible.
  • Fertilizing – You can use organic, mineral and liquid fertilizers. It is advisable to apply some fertilizer twice a month during spring and summer. During winter and fall, you can fertilize the tree monthly.
  • Pruning – If you want to keep the tree in its perfect compact shape, pruning is essential. If you notice that leaves are getting abundant, perhaps 6 to 8 leaves, prune back to 2 leaves. To reduce the leaf size, you can also consider applying defoliation once a year.
  • Repotting – Repotting a ficus should be done once every two years. You should be careful when you do this process. If the pot is congested with fibrous roots, take out the 30% of the root length. The roots that circle the pot should be cut down. Loam, clay, sand or a basic soil mixture is recommended for the soil.
  • Wiring – Wiring is necessary to reshape branches. Thin to medium strong branches are easy to wire, but you have to be extra careful when you do this. If thinner or medium strong branches are wired for too long, it might acquire wire marks, or worse, might damage the bark. On the other hand, strong branches are not as easy as the softer ones. They need guy-wires to shape them perfectly.
  • Propagation – Propagation or reproduction is safe to do any time of the year. However, the best season for growing would be mid-summer and air-layering in spring or between April and May.
  • Check the Leaves – The leaves can also indicate if your tree is not healthy. If they are yellow, old and too little, the tree lacks of nutrients or fertilizers. Too much water may have also caused this condition so it would be best to stop watering for the meantime. Overexposure from the sunlight can also cause dry and yellow leaves. You can neutralize this with a light shade. If you notice some brown spots on the edges, the room temperature might be too high, the air is dry or it is overfed. The leaves should always be green, strong and tough.

You can also refer to the video below for further guidelines.


If you are planning to get a Ficus Benjamina Bonsai for your home, proper care and maintenance should be applied. You should be aware how this plant actually grows in order to provide the care it needs. The guidelines and helpful tips mentioned above are some of the steps you should follow.

I hope this article helps you as much as it did to me. If you have any other questions or concerns, don’t hesitate to share them in the comment box below!

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Orange Tree Have Thorns: Should I Really Worry

“Thorns are part of roses, but oranges, I do not think so.” I have heard this statement so many times already and I would just smile each time. This article will discuss if you should worry if your orange tree have thorns on them. We will also tackle if you should use pruning saw or other means to cut them.

Are Thorns on Orange Tree Normal?

To simply answer this, yes. However, you have to acknowledge the fact that thornless trees are also common.

Common Characteristics of Thorns

The thorns are normally seen in the stems, particularly in the part where your buds and leaves start to grow. They are also frequently green and short. You may see long thorns though but it is just because they grow from roots or from the shoots of the plant.

The latter type of thorn should be removed. You can do assess your plant by checking the source of the thorn. If you can see them coming from the unions of graft, cut them off. Normally, this is located 6 inches from the soil.

You have to understand, however, that hybrid orange plants are sometimes void of any thorns at all. The cultivation of orange trees gave rise to thornless species. As of today, some thorny orange plants and trees are producing fruits that are surprisingly sweet as well.

Why Do Orange Trees Have Thorns?

Animals and insects feed on plants. As they feed, it is inevitable that they would get damaged especially while they are still growing. They are then said to develop thorns so as to protect them from getting smashed up. To cut this long explanation short, the thorns are there for their own survival.

It was said that as these plants mature, the thorns eventually becomes little because the plant is already strong to withstand physical bouts.​

​Orange Trees with Thorns

They say that if the orange tree was grown from trees, they will be the thorniest ones. Since they would start as babies they would need more protection from herbivore attacks according to experts. On the other hand, if the orange tree started from an adult orange tree’s budding then it will not grow long thorns as much as the other one.

Unfortunately, it has been observed that the more thorns your orange tree has, the less desirable the fruit it will bear. People also notice that thorny orange trees sometimes do not bear fruit.

From a friend who is an arborist, I have learned though that there is a certain phase in which the orange tree can really be or is expected to be thorny and fruitless. It can go from months to weeks but this is just a phase. As the foliage develops, it will soon have blunt extensions and bear fruit in the long run.

Apart from their specific origin, there are particular trees that have thorns. The most popular type is the trifoliate orange trees. This specific type of tree has convoluted thorns on their branches of about 2 inches long. Unlike the others, the fruits that trifoliate oranges produce are not sweet and they have many seeds inside.

Generally speaking, Rutaceae is the family of orange tree that normally has thorns. This family has 2,000+ species of mostly shrubs and trees. Citrange, tangerine, bergamot orange, mandarin, and other citrus sinensis fruits are expected to bear thorns.

There are some situations though that may cause orange plants and trees to bear thorns. For example, if the orange tree is dehydrated or the orange plant has been in a pot for so long, they would grow prickly stems in the long run.

Is it Okay to Remove the Thorns?

If the thorns of the orange tree are hurting you and if you have the luxury of time to get rid of them, I do not see any reason why you should not prune your thorns. It will not be detrimental to the health of your citrus tree, don’t worry.

Here’s a good video that will teach you how to prune citrus tree:

Make sure that when you are pruning your orange trees, you make use of proper protective equipment so as not to hurt yourself. It is also important to learn proper techniques so that you can enjoy long-lasting effects. Lastly, ensure that the tools you are going to make use of are effective and it will not make the task more stressful since this is not as enjoyable as you take care of your bonsai trees.


There are indeed types of orange trees that have thorns and there is nothing to be worried about. You may prune them if they are hurting you or you can make the most out of it by providing safety homes for animals and insects.

I hope you learned something from this article, if you did, please do not forget to share.

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What are These Tiny White Bugs in Soil? +Other Things You Need to Know Now

Your garden can surprise you in so many ways. You can see blooms you did not predict, unexpected plant hybrids and even unwarranted visitors. It is somehow understandable for people to ask about the tiny white bugs in soil they saw perhaps in their compost.

Today, we will check if we should get worried with them or not.

Soil 101

To be a successful farmer, one must first know the nature of the soil. – Xenophon

We are aware that the soil does not only contain rock sediments and nutrients but also life forms in different shapes and sizes. We have discussed its layering as well and how possible it is for gardeners to actually imitate nature and build soils.

​I understand, nonetheless, that sometimes the presence of new creatures such as tiny white bugs can make us wonder and even anxious.

Tiny White Bugs in Soil

The problem people encounter is that these bugs may belong to different animal kingdoms. So it is very important that you know how to classify them accordingly.

Look at them closely. Make use of a magnifying glass if you need to just to be able to see their characteristics. You should also be able to identify which part of the plant they are really staying. Is it on the leaves? Stems? Or Soil? From there, you would be able to know if they are soil mites, spider mites, root maggots, or fungus gnat larvae.


You can see them lurking at the soil part because they enjoy it when they thrive in the roots of the plants. You can, however, see some of them pooling at the leaves and stems.

They are also called as plant lice and their population can grow very fast. They are often invisible just like your russet mites

Fungus Gnat Larvae

These little bug-like creatures loves staying on soil surfaces that are damp. You should not allow them to stay long with your plants because they consume the roots and get the nutrients of the plants. Eventually, the health of the plant will deteriorate and there is a huge probability that it can die in the long run.

The larvae have black shiny heads and do not have legs. They are yellow-white in color and they become dark as they grow old.

Root Maggots

This kind of species love staying at the roots of plants bearing fruits and vegetables. Although minute, these are sometimes considered as pests. They can deform the fruit, make the growth process of the fruit abnormal, and predisposes the plant to diseases.

The larvae of these maggots look like a common housefly. They are color yellowish-white. You can commonly see them in soils where you plant broccoli, cabbage, chayote, onions, and turnips.

Soil mites

They appear as little dots moving around the soil area. They are considered beneficial and a good part of the plant’s ecosystem. They do not bring any danger to the plants. They feed on decaying matters, hence, compost is the best habitat for them.

There are different classifications of soil mites such as worm bin mites and oribatid mites.

Getting Rid​

The saliency of assessing the bug correctly is irrefutable. If you fail to identify the mites, you will not be able to tell what kind of bug they really are. However, as a rule of the thumb, if you cannot properly describe them, you might want to check out how your plants are doing. If they seem untouched, then these creepy crawlers can stay as long as they want.

On the other hand, if you see some changes in your plant or if you positively identified them as pests, you have to eradicate them as soon as possible. There are different techniques you can make use of:

  1. You can use pesticide accordingly. This, however, will not be a good idea if you are growing an organic garden. But if not, there are many commercially prepared mixtures available in the market. You can also do your own concoction alternatively.
  2. For organic gardens, on the other hand, sticking with the traditional homemade barriers, garden fabrics, row covers, plant collars and sticky traps can help you. Neems and beneficial insects can also control some bugs.
  3. Hot pepper, wood ashes, and diatomaceous soil can keep away flies.


Bugs are not really pleasing to the eyes even if they are actually beneficial. They can cause anxiety that is why you have to know how to properly label them.

I hope this guide made things clearer for you. If you have any techniques on how to identify tiny white bugs in soil please feel free to share your experience or ideas in the comment box below!


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When is the best time to apply Grubex?

How and When Should You Apply Grubex?

​Maintaining your lawn may not seem difficult, but when the grubs attack, it might cause a massive damage on your lawn. I have had a problem like this before. I tried to find a lot of effective ways to get rid of them. Killing these grubs is no joke.

When I heard about Grubex, I thought I could give it a shot and so I did. I couldn't have been more satisfied! But, it is only effective if proper application measures are followed.

In case, you prefer to hire a professional to treat your grub problem, consider TruGreen. They've been there and know how to handle it.

What is Grubex? How and when should you apply it? Is it safe for your lawn?

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What Do Rolly Pollies Enjoy Eating the Most?

Rolly Pollies are unique little critters that can make for interesting, low-maintenance pets at home. Whether you’re looking for keep a few rolly pollies alive or you want to get rid of them, you’re going to want to know what they eat so you can feed them or eliminate their food source around your home!

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What is the Best Way to Get Rid of Bed Bugs in Your Car?

Bed bugs are a huge nuisance anywhere they show up. The problem with these little critters is that they like to live in hard to reach places, such as in seams and crevices of upholstered seating. You may have thought that bed bugs only stay in houses around mattresses and other similar places, but they can actually appear anywhere. I want to talk about how to get rid of bed bugs in a car.

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What is the Best Way to Kill Red Ants?

Whether your garden is being torn apart by red ants or your yard is infested with them, the question is always the same. How do you kill red ants? These particular ants are not the same as the smaller black ants that are common in much of the US. Red ants, also called fire ants, come in two different types that are usually found living in the warmer Southern states.

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