7 Parts Of The Cannabis Plant You Didn’t Know Existed

Just when you thought you know everything there is to know about cannabis plants, you stumble upon new bits of information that help you better understand how the plant works. Whether you’re a grower or just a plain cannabis patient, it is always good to learn new things about the plant you are taking.

Finding out more about the different parts of cannabis plants like terpenes, cola, trichomes, and more can make you become more aware of how the plant you’re taking or planting can affect you. Knowing about these things can also give you better insights that can make you identify what type of plant is best for your needs. Read on to know about the various parts of the cannabis plant that makes it such a wonderful healing alternative.

7 Parts of The Cannabis Plant You Should Know About


Ever wonder where cannabis gets its distinct scent? Or what makes each type of cannabis strain different from the other? Terpenes are the part of the plant that is responsible for secreting the oils that get you feelings of euphoria, relaxation, focus, and stress-relief. Terpenes are what gives certain strains specific effects. It’s what determines whether a certain strain will be a sativa, indica, or hybrid type.


Cola is the part of the cannabis plant where you will find female buds or flowers bloom. There are different types of colas to be found in one plant. Each bud or flower comes with its own cola, and each plant comes with several colas. The number of colas each plant can grow highly depends on its strain and how the plant was grown.


The Calyx, bud, or flower is the part of the cannabis plant that is smoked or turned into oil. A calyx is made up of small pistils, nodules, and sugar leaves. It is also covered by crystalic trichomes that gives it its shiny shimmering look. This is the most consumed part of the cannabis plant for recreational and medical use. Just like the cola, the number of calyxes a cannabis plant can grow highly depends on the type of strain and how it was grown.

Pistil & Stigma

The pistil and stigma are two different parts of the cannabis plant, but both function to collect pollen from the plants. The pistils are these small hair-like parts that can change color. You will find that pistils can change into a range of colors including red, yellow, orange, purple, red, and brown. The pistil’s color is what can help you determine the age or stage or maturity of the plant.


If you have touched a cannabis flower or bud before, you will notice small crystal-like substances that coat the entire bud. Those small crystals are what you call trichomes. Trichomes are the resin that comes from the glands of the flowers, leaves, and stems. They also help produce the strong aromatic smell of the plant and they’re where you get those fine terpenes and cannabinoids that make you feel relaxed, focused, euphoric, and happy when you consume the plant.


The stems are the part of the plant that holds the entire plant together. It’s the part that connects everything together. Unlike the cannabis flowers and leaves, stems cannot be consumed through smoking or ingestion. Though cannabis stems are not consumed for recreation nor medication, they are still very useful materials. Cannabis stems are often processed into different materials like paper, canvas, clothing, and construction material.

Sugar Leaves

When you look at an entire cannabis plant, you will find that it has a lot of seven-fingered leaves. The large leaves you will find in a cannabis plant is what’s called fan leaves. Sugar leaves on the other hand are the small pieces of leaves you will find growing around colas. They are the parts that surround the base of growing buds or flowers. Sugar leaves got their name because they are coated with lots of crystalized trichomes that look like small sugar particles.


Amelia Robinson is a lover of plants and gardens, as well as an educator on this topic. It’s her goal to make sure that you get the chance to learn what you need to about gardening to succeed with your own home garden at the blog RobinsonLovePlants.com. You’re not going to find just a collection of basic articles about gardening here. Instead, she wants to answer the difficult questions for you. She tweets at @robinsonplants

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